Cospatrick Disaster and the Twm Pen Stryd Survivor
The Cospatrick, a 1,200 tonne frigate, 191 feet in length and built in Burma in 1856, carried passengers, cargo and troops between Britain and India.
When sold to Shaw, Saville and Co. in 1873, she was employed to carry passengers and cargo to New Zealand.
And so it was on 11 September 1874 the Cospatrick sailed from London bound for Auckland. There were 429 passengers and 44 crew on board plus general cargo.
The Captain, A Elmslie, had brought his wife and young son on the voyage.
Tuesday 17th November she was south west of Cape of Good
Hope and several hundred miles from land. At around midnight, just after the
change of watch, the cry of fire rang throughout the ship.
Those who arrived on deck first saw smoke billowing from the Bosun's Locker in
the ship's forepeak. Whilst the fire engine was being rigged, attempts were
made to bring her head before the wind.
This would drive the flames forward
and away from the ship until those fighting the fire could bring it under
control. The ship had, however, lost steerage and was virtually
uncontrollable. She came round, instead, with her head to the wind and the
smoke engulfed the whole length.
The fire soon took hold and spread throughout
the ship. An hour and a half after the discovery of the fire the flames had
such a hold on the "Cospatrick" that her fate was sealed.
passengers started to rush the lifeboats and the first one to get away was
swamped by terrified migrants and it capsized and sank.
The second boat caught
fire near its bow and in the end only two lifeboats got away. They carried 42
and 39 survivors. Two days later the charred hull of the Cospatrick
beneath the waves.
Both lifeboats had insufficient oars and neither had food, water, masts or
sails. By 23rd November the two boats became separated, one of which was never
On the remaining lifeboat thirst, hunger and delirium took its
toll and bodies were heaved overboard. Hunger and thirst amongst the remaining
survivors increased and they drank the blood and consumed the livers of the
dead to sustain themselves.
Four days later a boat passed within 50 yards of
them but failed to stop. By 27th November there were only 7 survivors. Two
more died that day.
The following day they were all dozing, weak from hunger
and deprivation, when the second mate awoke and saw a ship bearing down upon
It was the British Sceptre en-route from Calcutta to Dundee. The ship
rescued them and took them to Helena.
Of those rescued a further two died
shortly afterwards. The three survivors were Edward Cotter, Henry McDonald and
And the association with Twm Pen Stryd, Moelfre on Anglesey is that it was the home of Thomas Lewis, one of the above three who survived the disaster.